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插入题做题方式

2018.12.13

在托福题型里面最典型的一种题型就是插入题。说它典型是因为它在托福每篇文章的倒数第二题中都会出现它,而且它只存在于托福阅读考试当中。它主要考察学生的逻辑能力,因为它需要学生把一句话插入到原文中四个选项中的一个,使得文章的逻辑更加完整。按照它的出题的原则,我们可以认为它插入的地方,应该是和插入句形成前后对应的地方。从这个解题思路当中,我们就可以去抓插入句里面的指代词。毕竟指代词是对前面所提到的东西的提及。我们可以从一道题去看看指代词在具体这种题型当中的使用。


Observational assessment techniques have become much more sophisticated, reducing the limitations just presented. Film analysis of the infant's responses, heart and respiration rate monitors, and nonnutritive sucking devices are used as effective tools in understanding infant perception. Film analysis permits researchers to carefully study the infant's responses over and over and in slow motion. Precise measurements can be made of the length and frequency of the infant's attention between two stimuli. Heart and respiration monitors provide the investigator with the number of heartbeats or breaths taken when a new stimulus is presented. Numerical increases are used as quantifiable indicators of heightened interest in the new stimulus. Increases in nonnutritive sucking were first used as an assessment measure by researchers in 1969. They devised an apparatus that connected a baby's pacifier to a counting device. As stimuli were presented, changes in the infant's sucking behavior were recorded. Increases in the number of sucks were used as an indicator of the infant's attention to or preference for a given visual display.


Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.


The repetition allows researchers to observe the infant's behavior until they reach agreement about the presence and the degree of the infant's response.


从这道题当中你可以看到指代词the的使用,也就是说它所指代的repetition应该前面提到过。Repetition这个词在中文里面是重复和反复的意思,所以你就看每个选项前面,那里提到了反复有关系的地方。结果你发现在B选项前面就有over and over,这个就是反复的意思。所以我们选B。