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阅读考试的基本逻辑-排除法

2018.09.30



对于阅读题来说,学生很难去区分选项之间的区别,所以造成很多题模凌两可。其实在大概看懂原文的基础上,选项的排除完全是可以操作的。主要是看清楚二个方面。第一:理清楚原来的本身逻辑,是转折,因果,还是并列。第二,理清楚原文后,在选项里面,错误选项经常是无中生(原来根本没有提到)有或者是和原文直接相反或者否定。我们用下面一道句子简化题去看看怎么去排除选项。




Large wind farms might also interfere with the flight patterns of migratory birds in certain areas, and they have killed large birds of prey (especially hawks, falcons, and eagles) that prefer to hunt along the same ridge lines that are ideal for wind turbines.


Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.


A Hawks, falcons, and eagles prefer to hunt along ridge lines, where wind turbines can kill large numbers of migratory birds.

B Wind turbines occasionally cause migratory birds to change their flight patterns and therefore may interfere with the areas where birds of prey prefer to hunt.

C Some of the best locations for large wind farms are places that may cause problems for migrating birds and birds of prey.

D Large wind farms in certain areas kill hawks, falcons, and eagles and thus might create a more ideal path for the flight of migratory birds.


首先我们注意到原文有个and,我们就知道原文的逻辑是并列。而且and前后的主语都是large wind farms。然后我们再去看选项,我们把逻辑错误的选项排除。B和D选项里面分别都有一个多余的因果逻辑词,therefore和thus。因为和原文的并列逻辑矛盾,所以我们排除它们。我们再看看A选项,我们发现虽然它在提到了原文中的migratory bird和prey bird,但是原文并没有提到杀死了migratory bird和会杀死prey bird。所以最后我们只能选择C。


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